Initialization lists

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What is translated > Types > Records, Classes, Interfaces > Class > Constructors > Initialization lists


In Delphi and C# member variables like other variables too are initialized automatically with according default values. But array with fixed size - as FCoord in the following example - have to be created at construction of a class instance. If a field is a record, it will be initialized too by a call of CreateRecord.


. Delphi source                            C# translation



  TBase = class                            public class TBase : TObject                                 

  public                                   {                                                            

    constructor Create(arg : Integer);       public TBase(int arg)                                      

    destructor Destroy;                      {                                                          

  private                                      Create(arg);                                             

    FList : TList;                           }                                                          

    FCoords: array[0..3] of Longint;         public void Create(int arg)                                

    FTimeOut: Longint;                       {                                                          

  end;                                       }                                                          


  constructor Base.Create(arg : Integer);    private TList FList;                                       

  begin                                      private int[] FCoords = new int[4/*# range   0..  3*/];    

  end;                                       private int FTimeOut;                                      


                                             public TBase() {}                                          




If the members are initialized explicitly in Delphi, Delphi2C# tries to find the according statements and puts them into the initialization list of the class constructor:



constructor Base.Create(arg : Integer);    __fastcall Base::Base( int arg )

begin                                       : FI(arg),                     

  FList := TList.Create;                      FList(new TList),            

  FI := arg;                                  FTimeOut(0)                  

  if arg <> $00 then                       {                               

    FTimeOut := arg                          if ( arg != 0x00 )            

  else                                         FTimeOut = arg;             

   FTimeOut := DefaultTimeout;               else                          

end;                                           FTimeOut = DefaultTimeout;



The use of initialization lists is more efficient in C# than to initialize the variables in the body of the constructor. But sometimes there is a problem with this method. For example, the initialization of the member FTimeOut depends of the value of the arg parameter. As shown in the next example Delphi2C# tries to take care about such cases. But Delphi2C# cannot find all such hidden dependencies, as in the following example:



constructor Derived.Create;                __fastcall Derived::Derived( )   

var                                         : inherited( i ),               

  i : Integer;                                FB(false)                     

begin                                      {                                

  i := SomeFunction;                         int i = 0;                     

  inherited Create(i);                       i = SomeFunction;              

end;                                       }                                



In such cases constructors have to be corrected manually like:


__fastcall Derived::Derived( )

 : inheritd( SomeFunction() )





Unfortunately, there is another problem with the order of the initializations. in C# the order in the initializer list is ignored. Member variables are always initialized in the order they appear in the class declaration. In the following example:



TInit = class(TObject)

  FName1, FName2, FName4, FName3 : String;

  constructor Create(Name1, Name2, Name3 : String);





constructor TInit.Create(Name1, Name2, Name3 : String);


  FName1 := Name1;

  FName2 := Name2;

  FName3 := Name3;

  FName4 := FName3;



a strict initialization of the member variables in the order in which they are declared would lead to: 



__fastcall TInit::TInit( String Name1, String Name2, String Name3 )

 : FName1(Name1),







Obviously, this is not correct. Therefore Delphi2C# uses the following strategy: as long as the initialization statements in the constructor are in the order of the declarations, they are shifted into the initializer list. For all other member variables follows initialization code in the body of the constructor.



__fastcall TInit::TInit( String Name1, String Name2, String Name3 )

 : FName1(Name1),




  FName4 = FName3;









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